PowerShell 技能连载 - $FormatEnumerationLimit 作用域问题

如前一个技能所述,$FormatEnumerationLimit 隐藏变量决定了输出时会在多少个元素后截断。以下是再次演示该区别的例子:

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$default = $FormatEnumerationLimit

Get-Process | Select-Object -Property Name, Threads -First 5 | Out-Default
$FormatEnumerationLimit = 1
Get-Process | Select-Object -Property Name, Threads -First 5 | Out-Default
$FormatEnumerationLimit = -1
Get-Process | Select-Object -Property Name, Threads -First 5 | Out-Default

$FormatEnumerationLimit = $default

输出结果类似这样:

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Name       Threads
---- -------
acrotray {3160}
AERTSr64 {1952, 1968, 1972, 8188}
AGSService {1980, 1988, 1992, 2000...}
armsvc {1920, 1940, 1944, 7896}
ccSvcHst {2584, 2644, 2656, 2400...}



Name Threads
---- -------
acrotray {3160}
AERTSr64 {1952...}
AGSService {1980...}
armsvc {1920...}
ccSvcHst {2584...}



Name Threads
---- -------
acrotray {3160}
AERTSr64 {1952, 1968, 1972, 8188}
AGSService {1980, 1988, 1992, 2000, 2024, 7932}
armsvc {1920, 1940, 1944, 7896}
ccSvcHst {2584, 2644, 2656, 2400, 3080, 3120, 3124, 3128, 3132, 3136, 3140,...

然而这在函数(或是脚本块等情况)中使用时可能会失败:

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function Test-Formatting
{
$FormatEnumerationLimit = 1
Get-Process | Select-Object -Property Name, Threads -First 5
}

Test-Formatting

虽然 $FormatEnumerationLimit 设置为 1,但数组仍然按缺省的显示 4 个元素。这是因为 $FormatEnumerationLimit 只对全局作用域有效。您需要在全局作用域中改变该变量才有效。所以需要用这种方法来写一个函数:

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function Test-Formatting
{
# remember the current setting
$default = $global:FormatEnumerationLimit

# change on global scope
$global:FormatEnumerationLimit = 1
Get-Process | Select-Object -Property Name, Threads -First 5

# at the end, clean up and revert to old value
$global:FormatEnumerationLimit = $default
}

Test-Formatting

本文国际来源:$FormatEnumerationLimit Scoping Issues

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